Durkheimian lens, the author emphasizes a Durkheimian approach to policing that
is primarily associated with the symbolic meaning of the police (Terpstra 2011).
According to Emile Durkheim, it is vital to maintain the functions of society
and to abide by the rules, norms, and laws as the author states, “there is a
need for social institutions that are able to regulate and bind society, both
by their relations and by the definitions they provide of (un)acceptable
behavior (Terpstra 2011:6). As a result, it is necessary to socially integrate
individuals, while maintaining order and asserting sanctions upon a violation
of a law. Additionally, many individuals are becoming more technologically focused,
autonomous, and scientific which they become free to choose their own god,
totems, points of departure, goals, and many more (Williams 2017).
Consequently, this allows individuals to be aware of the fact that they are a
part of the community with the same values, intentions, and dislike the same
immoral behavior as others. Thus, it is essential for the distinction between
the good and the evil to be reinforced within the collective consciousness,
also that deviant behavior and violations are present to be labeled as wrong or
evil (Terpstra 2011). Therefore, it is necessary for police officers to develop
a moral fabric that binds individuals together to deter them from infringing
upon the norms and rules of a society.