The American Revolution was ultimately caused by tension between England and America. It was a war that some thought could not be avoided, simply because of the civil, political, and economic unrest. However, if England realized that its colonies were severely unhappy, they might have been able to save their sovereignty. The people of America were unhappy about their situation. They were being taxed for almost everything – paper, tea, sugar – and without their consent.
Because of this, many groups were formed to rebel, such as the Loyal Nine and the Sons of Liberty, both of which held mobs and riots, and threatened government officials. Groups like these brainwashed the America people into the adamant belief that their situation was solely King George’s fault and that they should hate England. Essays such as Thomas Paine’s Common Sense reinforced this mindset. With the people believing so strongly in this, it was nearly impossible for Britain to retain their allegiance, making the war ultimately inevitable. The politics of America also contributed to the start of the war.
The colonies were ruled by governors who were appointed by King George, therefore giving the people no voice in government, which was taboo to the extremely localist ideals of the American colonists. Their discomfort led to distrust of political figures and skepticism of any laws they enacted, which caused riots and boycotts, strengthening the colonists’ ideals that England was oppressing them and making the Revolution more and more unstoppable. Things were even worse economically. The laws and taxes, such as the Stamp and Tea Acts, put an economic strain on the colonies that affected everyone because everyone used the items that were taxed.
The Stamp Act was only instated because England wanted to raise revenue, which attributed to the idea that England was oppressing the colonists and strengthened their hatred. The mercantilist system also attributed to this because the colonists were being used for cheap raw materials that England would refine and profit from. The economic strain and oppressive actions of England gave the colonists yet another reason to rebel. However, if England noticed the plight that they were putting America through, they could have easily gained control of the colonies again.
They Americans were very open about their ideals. They marched, protested, and threatened officials, which was a sure sign to England that something was wrong, which they chose to ignore. They even ignored the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, which clearly stated what the colonists wanted to fix. If they had noticed the threat within those actions and listened to America, they could have regained the colonists trust and kept control, preventing the Revolution. The American Revolution only happened because England didn’t do anything about it, making it seem inevitable.