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Topic of Environmental issue: Newborn Turtles being confused by city lights and going in the wrong directionFor hundreds of thousands of years, baby sea turtles have hatched annually along coasts and beaches around the equator, following a full moon. When the turtles hatch, they follow the light of the full moon into the sea by instinct. The lunar display is their only source of guidance to the ocean at birth. But what happens when humans come along, and start building up on these beaches? What happens to the turtles when they get confused by the bright, overwhelming lights that come along with human civilization?In 1999, 51% of nests of sea turtles that hatched on beaches worldwide were disoriented by house and city lights, and 25% of hatchlings actually went in the wrong direction, according to This is one fourth of the sea turtles that hatched. If sea turtles were to decrease greatly (as they would if this continues), or disappear altogether — extinction —  this could have great consequences to the ecosystem. Beaches have a very important and frail ecosystem, as it does not get many sources of nutrients. ( Turtles help the seagrass and seaweed community in the ocean by feeding on them, and in turn keeping them short. This keeps the seaweed healthy. In turn, seaweed and seagrass is a large portion of the oceans’ fishes’ breeding grounds, and serves as homes for lots of marine life, such as seahorses and various types of crabs. If the turtles were to go away, this would lead to a gradual end to seagrass forests in the ocean and would have a chain reaction effect on the rest of the world, including one that humans would notice. For example, edible crab would be significantly harder to come by and would become much more expensive.In many places including Florida and South Carolina, it is law along the beaches for all buildings that would shed light on the beaches to turn off their lights completely during the time that sea turtles hatch. But unfortunately It is not law everywhere, for example Barbados. One way we as people could reduce the damage done to the sea turtle and marine life community by this light pollution is obvious. Turn off our lights near the beach when sea turtles are hatching. Another solution would be creating and enforcing more conservation teams like the Sea Turtle Conservancy team on These teams aim to redirect baby turtles towards the right place and help them recover from injuries and other inconveniences caused to them from harm’s way set upon them from humans. These conservation teams have saved and continue to save many sea turtles, among many other animals.For starters, one thing you could do is join volunteer conservation work on All you have to do is just turn off your lights if you live near a turtle beach, redirect them if their going the wrong way, and just be aware of sea turtle nesting areas and make sure they are safe, protected, and out of the way of lots of artificial light. Doing this could save up to 25% of sea turtles born every year, helping our oceans grow, flourish and stay alive as we battle the effects and consequences we as humans push onto our struggling environment every day.By Kai Weaver-sansoFinished and turned in on Friday, 11:25 pm, January 26th