Tourism in Thailand Essay

A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation, attracting visitors for holidays orvacations. Resorts are places, towns or sometimes commercial establishment operated by a single company. Such a self-contained resort attempts to provide for most of a vacationer’s wants while remaining on the premises, such as food, drink, lodging, sports, entertainment, and shopping. Destination resortA destination resort is a resort that contains, in and of itself, the necessary guest attraction capabilities—that is to say that a destination resort does not need to be near a destination (town, historic site, theme park, or other) to attract its public. A commercial establishment at a resort destination such as a recreational area, a scenic or historic site, a theme park, a gaming facility or other tourist attraction may compete with other businesses at a destination.Consequently, another characteristic of a destination resort is that it offers food, drink, lodging, sports, entertainment, and shopping within the facility so that guests have no need to leave the facility throughout their stay. Commonly these facilities are of higher quality than would be expected if one were to stay at a hotel or eat in a town’s restaurants.

Some examples are Atlantis in theBahamas, Costa do Sauipe in the Northeastern Brazil, Laguna Phuket in Thailand and Sun City near Johannesburg in South Africa. All-inclusive resortThe “Paradise” resort in Catskills An all-inclusive resort is a resort that, besides providing all of the common amenities of a resort, charges a fixed price that includes most or all items. [2] At a minimum, most inclusive resorts include lodging, unlimited food, drink, sports activities, and entertainment for the fixed price.

In recent years, the number of resorts offering “all-inclusive” amenities has decreased dramatically; in 1961, over half offered such plans and in 2007, less than ten percent do so. [3 Spa resortsA spa resort is a short term residential/lodging facility with the primary purpose of providing individual services for spa-goers to develop healthy habits. Historically many such spas were developed at the location of natural hot springs or sources of mineral waters. Typically over a seven-day stay, such facilities provide a comprehensive program that includes spa services, physical fitness activities, wellness education, healthy cuisine and special interest  Golf resorts Golf resorts are resorts that cater specifically to the sport of golf, and include access to one or more golf course and or clubhouse.

Golf resorts typically provide golf packages that provide visitors with all greens and cart fees, range balls, accommodations and meals. Ski resorts A view of a typical ski resort and ski lifts A ski resort is a ski area plus amenities that generally make them a destination resort. This includes accommodations and other amenities adjacent to the ski area.

Some ski resorts offer lodging options on the slopes themselves, with ski-in and ski-out access allowing guests to ski right up to the door.Ski resorts often have other activities, such as snowmobiling, sledding, horse-drawn sleds, dog-sledding, ice-skating, indoor or outdoor swimming, and hottubbing, game rooms, and local forms of entertainment, such as clubs, cinema, theatre and cabarets. Seaside resorts Miami Beach in Florida has seaside resorts. Seaside resorts are located on a coast. Many seaside towns have turned to other entertainment industries, and some of them have a good deal of nightlife. The cinemas and theatres often remain to become host to a number of pubs, bars, restaurants and nightclubs.Most of their entertainment facilities cater to local people and the beaches still remain popular during the summer months. Although international tourism turned people away from British seaside towns, it also brought in foreign travel and as a result, many seaside towns offer foreign language schools, the students of which often return to vacation and sometimes to settle Luxury resorts A luxury resort is an expensive vacation facility which is fully staffed and has been rated with five stars.

[by whom?  Luxury resorts often boast many visitor activities and attractions such as golf, watersports, spa and beauty facilities, skiing, natural ecology and tranquility. Because of the extent of amenities offered, a luxury resort is also considered a destination resort. Megaresorts The Las Vegas strip in 2009 A Megaresort is a type of destination resort which is of an exceptionally large size, sometimes featuring large-scale attractions (casino, golf course, theme park, multipleaccommodations). [citation needed] The hotels and casinos along the Las Vegas Strip are often considered megaresorts due to their immense size and complexity.

The Walt Disney World Resort is a prominent example of a modern, self-contained commercial resort. Resorts exist throughout the world, increasingly attracting visitors from around the globe. Thailand, for instance, has become a popular destination Tourism is a major economic factor in the Kingdom of Thailand, contributing an estimated 6. 7% to Thailand’s GDP in 2007 The tourism industry in Thailand truly took off when US soldiers started to arrive in the 1960s for Rest and Recuperation (R) during the Vietnam war period. 2]Coinciding, international mass tourism sharply increased during the same period due to the rising standard of living, more people acquiring more free time and due to improvements in technology making it possible to travel further, faster, cheaper and in greater numbers, epitomised by the Boeing 747 which first flew commercially in 1970. [3] Thailand was one of the major players in Asia to capitalise on this then-new trend. Tourist numbers have grown from 336,000 foreign visitors and 54,000 R soldiers in 1967[2] to over 14 million international guests visiting Thailand in 2007. The average duration of their stay in 2007 was 9.

9 days, generating an estimated 547,782 million Thai baht, around 11 billion Euro. [4] In 2007, Thailand was the 18th most visited country in the World Tourism rankings with 14. 5 million visitors. France, comparable to Thailand in land area and population, led the list with nearly 82 million foreign visitors. [5] According to the Tourism Authority of Thailand,[6] 55% of the tourists in 2007 came from the Asia Pacific region, Japanese and Malaysians forming the two biggest groups. The largest groups of Western tourists come from the United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, the United States and Scandinavia.The number of tourists arriving from the Middle East and Russia is on the rise.

[7] Around 55% of Thailand’s tourists are return visitors. The peak period is during the Christmas and New Year holidays when Western tourists flee the cold conditions back home. Domestic tourism has also grown significantly in the past decade. Revenues from domestic tourism have gone from 187,898 million baht in 1998 to 380,417 million baht (approximately 7. 8 billion Euro) in 2007. [4] Asian tourists primarily visit Thailand for Bangkok and the historical, natural and cultural sights in its vicinity.Western tourists not only visit Bangkok and surroundings but in addition many travel down to the southern beaches and islands. The North is the main region for trekking and adventure travel with its diverse ethnic minority groups and forested mountains.

The region receiving less tourists is Isan in the north-east. To facilitate foreign visitors, the Thai government established a separate tourism police with offices in the major tourist areas and its own central emergency telephone number. [8] It can’t be denied that sex tourism also contributes to arrival numbers.

Although officially illegal, prostitution in Thailand is monitored and regulated by the government to stem the spread of STD’s and to prevent excesses. Prostitution catering to foreigners is believed to be around 20% of the total prostitution scene in Thailand, and is concentrated in a few major red-light districts such as Pattaya, Patpong and Patong Beach. [9] Thailand has been receiving increased competition ever since Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam opened up to international tourism in the 1980s and 90s. Destinations like Angkor Wat, Luang Prabang and Halong Bay now contest Thailand’s former monopoly in the Indochina region.To counter this, Thailand is actively targeting niche markets such as golf holidays, or holidays combined with medical treatment. Thailand has also plans on becoming the hub for Buddhist tourism in the region. [10] Around 2 million foreigners visiting Thailand for medical treatment are expected in 2009, more than 3 times the amount of tourist visiting for that purpose in 2002. [11] According to Lonely Planet, Thailand ranks second of “Best-value destinations for 2010” after Iceland; the latter having been hit very hard by the subprime mortgage crisis.

[12] ————————————————-Outlook for 2010 At the beginning of the year, the forecasts for tourism over 2010 seemed positive due to the easing of the monetary crisis, the renewed vigorous growth of the Chinese economy, the relatively stable internal political situation following the 2008–2009 Thai political crisis and the2009 flu pandemic having less of an impact as initially feared. Thailand experienced a decrease of international visitors of 16% over the first six months of 2009 but the last four months of 2009 have seen a return of foreign tourists to Thailand with a marked increase in the months of November and December.The provisional numbers for 2009 have been revised upwards to close to 14 million international visitors, which is a decrease of only 4% compared to 2008. Initially, it was feared that 2009 would show a decrease of 38% for certain sectors of the tourism industry.

The new marketing slogan which was adopted in mid 2009, Amazing Thailand, Amazing Value, and the government stimulation package, seemed to have helped reversing the downward trend for the latter half of 2009 and for the first few months of 2010. 13][14][15][16][17] Following the verdict by the Thai Supreme Court on February 26, 2010, that 46 billion Thai baht worth of assets of former Thai prime ministerThaksin Shinawatra would be seized, the National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD) organised protests in Bangkok, the first on March 14. Initially peaceful, after April 10 the protests turned violent with several clashes between protesters and security forces in Bangkok, leading to the deaths of 27 people, both protesters as well as security troops, and a Japanese journalist.Many countries issued travel warnings, discouraging non-essential travel to Thailand and especially to Bangkok. [18][19][20][21][22] On May 3, the Thai government proposed a compromise where general elections will be held November 14.

If all parties involved in the present conflict agree upon this compromise, the protests in Bangkok could be resolved soon. The unrest in Bangkok have cost Thailand an estimated 7. 5 billion baht (approximately 182 million euro or 232 million US dollars) in tourism revenues for the months March and April, based on international arrival numbers.The Tourism Authority of Thailand expects the sector to recover in the third quarter if the political crisis is resolved soon. Plans have been drawn up by the government to revitalise the tourism trade, starting in June, with 1 billion baht set aside for campaigns targeting international markets and 600 million baht targeting the domestic market. [23] Updates on the crisis situation and a map of the demonstration sites in Bangkok can be found atwww. tourismthailand.

org/thailandtourismupdate. ————————————————- [edit]International marketing sloganThe main marketing slogan for promoting Thailand internationally was “Amazing Thailand”, but, in reaction to the 2009 tourism crisis, it was relaunched as “Amazing Thailand, Amazing Value”. [24] Thailand offers a great variety of attractions. These include diving sites, sandy beaches, hundreds of tropical islands, varied night-life, archaeological sites, museums, hill tribes, exceptional flora and bird life, palaces, a huge amount of Buddhist temples and several World Heritage sites. Many tourists follow courses during their stay in Thailand. Popular are classes in Thai cooking, Buddhism and traditional Thai massage.

Thai national festivals range from the fun-for-all water splashing Songkran to the almost fairytale like quality of Loy Krathong. Many localities in Thailand also have their own festivals. Famous are the “Elephant Round-up” in Surin, the “Rocket Festival” in Yasothon and the curious “Phi Ta Khon” festival in Dan Sai. Thai cuisine has become deservedly famous worldwide with its enthusiastic use of fresh herbs and spices. From an inexpensive plate of delicious Som tam at a simple street stall upcountry to a modern take on Thai cuisine in the gourmet restaurants of Bangkok, it’s very difficult not to eat well in Thailand.Only the most austere ascetics can resist shopping when in Thailand. Bangkok is renowned for its main shopping malls down town, offering an astounding variety of international and local brands.

Towards the north of the city, and easily reached by skytrain or underground, is”Chatuchak Weekend Market”. It is possibly the largest market in the world, selling everything from household items to live, and sometimes endangered,[25] animals. The “Pratunam Market” downtown, is nearly totally specialised in fabrics and clothing.

The night markets in heSilom area and on Khaosan Road are mainly tourist orientated, selling items such as T-shirts, handicrafts, counterfeit watches and sunglasses. In the vicinity of Bangkok one can find several visually stunning floating markets such as the one in Damnoen Saduak. The “Sunday Evening Walking Street Market”, held on Rachadamnoen road inside the old city, must be the shopping highlight of a visit to Chiang Mai up in northern Thailand. It attracts many locals as well as foreigners. The “Night Bazaar” is Chiang Mai’s more tourist orientated market, sprawling over several city blocks just east of the old city walls towards the riverMalaysia Malaysia is a country in South-East Asia, located partly on a peninsula of the Asian mainland and partly on the northern third of the island of Borneo.

West Malaysia shares a border withThailand, is connected by a causeway and a bridge (Malaysia-Singapore Second Link) to the island state of Singapore, and has coastlines on the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca. East Malaysia (Borneo) shares borders with Brunei and Indonesia. The government agency in charge of promoting tourism in Malaysia is Tourism Malaysia or the Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board (MTPB)[1].

In 2005, tourism accounted for 7% of Malaysia’s economy. [1] She ranks 11th among the top most visited contries in the world, after Mexico. * Kuala Lumpur – the de jure capital of Malaysia. * * Petronas Twin Towers – World’s tallest twin towers and third and fourth tallest singular towers, standing adjacent to one of the busiest shopping malls in Kuala Lumpur, Suria KLCC.

* Golden Triangle (Bukit Bintang and Imbi) – Kuala Lumpur’s busiest commercial district containing five-star hotels, restaurants to high-end shopping malls. * George Town – the political capital of Penang.George Town is one of two cultural World Heritage Sites in Malaysia.

* * Gurney Drive – a popular seafront promenade, filled with condominiums and hotels. It is one of the busiest streets in Penang. * Ipoh – capital of Perak, famous for its Chinese food, tin mines and limestone mountains and caves. * Alor Star – capital of Kedah, the state of the Paddy fields. * Johor Bahru – capital of Johor, and gateway to Singapore. * Kangar – capital of Perlis, and gateway to Thailand.

* Kota Kinabalu – capital of Sabah. * Kota Bahru – capital of Kelantan. Kuala Terengganu – capital of Terengganu, famous for the penyu (turtles) and beaches. * Kuantan – capital of Pahang, noted for its many beaches. * Kuching – capital of Sarawak, the Cat City of Malaysia. * Melaka – a historical city in Malaysia. This is the other cultural World Heritage Site in Malaysia.

* Miri – the resort city of Sarawak is the gateway to the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Mulu caves and numerous magnificent tourism attractions. * Seremban – the capital of Negeri Sembilan, and the nearest cities to Port Dickson. Putrajaya – the administrative centre of Malaysia, known for its lavish buildings, bridges and man-made lakes. * Petaling Jaya – a satellite city located in the state of Selangor, and is in the proximity of Kuala Lumpur. It has the most commercial complexes in Malaysia. Beside the main cities, there other town and places in Malaysia offer some special tourist attraction. Such as in Taiping, Perak for their landscape and local attraction.

Teluk Intan for their Leaning tower. Genting Highlands, Cameron Highlands and Bukit Tinggi in Pahang for a cool climate.Muar in Johor is famous for its food. Miri is the official tourism-city and resort city of Sarawak and Sibu in Sarawak is famous for its landscape and parks. [edit]Islands and Beaches Malaysia has several tropical islands, some of which have been voted the most beautiful in the world. Some of the islands in Malaysia are: * Labuan * Langkawi * Pangkor * Penang Island, the western half of Penang, which is heavily industrialised * Redang Island * Tenggol Island * Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park * Perhentian Islands * Kapas Island * Lang Tengah Island Rantau Abang Beach * Mabul * Sipadan [edit]National parks and nature reserves * Bako National Park, Sarawak – famed for its wildlife, especially bearded pigs and proboscis monkeys * Batang Ai National Park, Sarawak * Endau Rompin National Park, Johor * Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak * Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak * Kinabalu National Park, Sabah – home of 4100 metre peak Mount Kinabalu.

* Kubah National Park, Sarawak * Taman Negara National Park – the self-proclaimed World’s Oldest Rainforest, spanning Kelantan, Pahang and Terengganu