The war of 1812 was quite bland and not that exciting. America didn’t do much, but Britain and Canada took action early by taking control over the American fort of Michilimackinac. In 1814, the British came to the Chesapeake Bay Area, beginning to burn down buildings in Washington dc. This led to the making of the Star Spangled Banner. Than the British came to the Mississippi Valley Andrew Jackson confronted them, and defeated the British. Britain responded with a naval blockade, because the US Navy was doing exceptionally well. — Treaty of Ghent, 1814
Essentially an armistice – both sides simply agreed to stop fighting and to restore conquered territory. Treaty unanimously approved by U. S. Senate. New slogan: “Not One Inch of Territory Ceded or Lost”. Battle of New Orleans went on anyway. — Hartford Convention, 1814 Twenty-six New Englanders met for three weeks to discuss grievances against the Republican government. Recommended an amendment to the Constitution requiring a two-thirds majority vote of Congress. Before a declaration of embargo. Before new western states could be admitted to the U. S.
Before declaration of war except in case of invasion. Envoys from the convention went to Washington, just in time for the news that the American won the Battle of New Orleans. — Results of the War Informal recognition of American rights on the high seas. New respect for American military capabilities. War heroes emerged. Andrew Jackson (later president) William Henry Harrison (later president) Indians – BIG losers Crushed by US in Battles of Horsheshoe Bend and Thames. Treaty of Ghent had no meaningful provisions for the Indians. — More results of the War
American manufacturing increased. Blockade by Britain stimulated “cottage industries less dependence on European goods. Intensified bitterness toward English. Canadian patriotism and nationalism. Canadian were outnumbered but still defended their homeland against American invaders United states and Canada come to share. — Still More Results of War end of American engagement with the old world until world war I Freedom to explore the West Forging of a genuine national consciousness Paving the way for expansionalism and nationalism Jacksonian Democracy – Jackson Believed that “everyday” people themselves should manage government affairs. Reflected an agricultural and industrial society. Expanded democracy to include social and economic aspects as well as political. Jeffersonian Democracy — Jefferson Believed that capable, well-educated leaders should govern, acting in the peoples interests. Reelected chiefly by an agricultural society. Limited democracy mainly to its political (not social) aspects. — Political Aspects of the Jackson Era Democracy in the states (qualifications, elected vs. ppointed officials, rotation in office). Democracy in Presidential elections (end of “King Caucus;” beginning of nominating conventions). Democratic (people-based) view of the Presidency (veto of the Bank, South Carolina challenge, refusal to enforce Marshall decision regarding the Cherokee). Spoils system (“To the victory belong the spoils;” protection against built-in aristocracy). Government needs to do a lot more. * * * * Question 3: Explain the social philosophy of the Jackson Movement – how did it view people and social classes…
Jackson was a man who believed in equality, he felt as if anyone was capable of doing any job. He said that for example, that you don’t have to be rich or smart to be president, or to be in congress. Believed that “everyday” people themselves should manage government affairs. His cabinet was full of unqualified people, but he had faith in him. Pic 1 I see Mountains Water way Church looking structure Boats Pic 2 I see Its all nature Small pond The leaves are changing colors Small water ways lead to a big delta. Pic 3 I see Fog
Mountains Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin – 1852 It was propaganda Most slave owners were not that cruel, only the one mention in the book. Bleeding Kansas 1855 territorial elections in Kansas You didn’t even to be a resident, as long as you were in the territory. Border Russians(Missouri pro-slave) “Breecher’s Bibles” (ant-slavery armaments) Shawnee Mission Government(Pro-Slave) Topeka Government (free-soilers) John Brown – Pottawamie Creek, 1856 Brooks-Sumner Incident Preston Brooks – Charles Sumner May 22, 1856
Election of 1856 James Buchanan- Democratic John C. Fremont- Republican Millard Fillmore- American(Know-Nothing Party) Lecompton Constitution – 1857 Dred Scott Decision – 1857 He is a slave in a northern state sews for his freedom. His master dies, he says he is now free. The masters family says that he is theirs, Scott goes to the Supreme Court. Supreme court decision: Blacks cannot sew in court because they are not citizens. If you were a slave, you were not a human being, you were a thing. Slaves are property.