To this day, Virginia is famous for its hospitality, genteel manners, important families and well-preserved farming mansions, called Plantations. New England on the other hand, is famous for its little villages, neatly laid out and small picturesque farming communities filled with highly opinionated, independent minded New Englanders. It is important to understand that people came to these two regions for very different purposes. The people who shaped New England were Puritans, religious immigrants from England looking to establish an ordered, unified community, dedicated to living the vision of building a Godly society.
The Chesapeake, dominated by Virginia, with its capital at Jamestown, from the very beginning was an economic venture who came to get ahead. Some of Virginia’s first families were Gentry class, looking to live like the nobility of England, with huge tracts of land. Others, sold away their rights and their freedoms to just get to Virginia, in hopes that one day, they could own their own land and build their own futures. Later, other came who were owned, with no futures, by the planter class. It is this difference in motivation that led the growth of two new cultures in these regions.
One population was drawn from families seeking to create a better world for all, while the other was built by individuals seeking their own private economic dreams. Starting the new colony, the Landing and establishment. This unity, sense of cooperative community is different than England, and much different than the purposes for the Virginia colony “[Yet] we must be knit together in this work as one man”. This quote explains the God’s ordered, righteous city will be a place where men work together to help each other. doc A] New England Manifest, height of the Great Migration. We can see the unity, stability and order, purpose of Puritan society, is built on large, unified families, that will create a stable and mutually support culture. [doc B]. There are lots of connection between these passengers but mosty they are Families that seek order, stability and help each other, These are all going to create this new society, the City on the Hill, Would be easy to organize towns and villages along family lines, The little Commonwealth, and 91% of New England immigrants came as families.
Immigrants for Virginia which the ship landed in the same year in new England. Here, we see the strong desire for economic freedom, but there is no inherent social structure, very little opportunity for the stability of families, their social status and age will make a competitive and sometimes violent society. Most dangerous animal on the planet is the young, single male human. [Doc c] thesis people are mostly The ideal indentured servant, Head rights given up, 5-7 years of labor, High demand for cheap labor, Uneducated and poor.
Height of Great Migration, City on the Hill is a vivid desire. We still see the divinely inspired purpose is strong in the minds of Puritans God, order, family and community united in one purpose of a truly unique and distinct society. ” procure some Godly and faithful minister”, “That everyone shall have a share” these quotes from the passage demonstrates the people hard work to make a better society. We are now 40 years after the enthusiasm of the City on the Hill, and New Englanders are finding they have to make a living, and profits are nice.
But, the Puritan dream of an ordered, stable and cooperative society is still the goal of the government. While weakening, this unique purpose is still defining New England economics, political and social life. Cry of oppression, moderate profit as may enable them to serve God and their neighbors. [Doc E]. These quotes relates to my analysis of new Englanders. Written several years after the first years of Jamestown (1607). The settlers of Jamestown show every evidence of being out for themselves, and only themselves. These folks are showing the worst of the pursuit of economic dreams at the cost of your neighbor.
Much is made of how badly they treated the Native Americans, but they treated each other just as bad. Price gouging, lying, forced or manipulated servitude, mutiny, and worse, watching your neighbor die when you had the means to help created a competitive, survival of the fittest atmosphere that is a perfect breeding ground for a competitive, dangerous, violent society and just waiting for an authority to come and “force” order on them. ” those of us that had money”, “these brawls are so disgustful”. [doc F] These quote explains the way of their society and attitude.
A royal colony, run directly by the King’s nobleman. The self-destructive chaos of 50 years before, seemed to have been resolved with the imposing of King’s rule in Virginia. However, Governor Berkeley’s concerns are more directed at betrayal by his own people than fear of a Dutch attack. This veneer of order lays on top of a strict class system that seems to have bred distrust and fear of each other and a fear Berkeley expresses when he talks of his own poorer people robbing and deserting to the Dutch to achieve their economic dreams. men fearful apprehensions of the danger they leave their estates and families in”. Berkeley’s role in creating an English hierarchy in Virginia. The class tensions we saw in Berkeley’s letter to the King come to a head with the poor whites marching on Berkeley’s capital in Bacon’s “rebellion”. The denial of economic freedom to a majority of the poor whites by the elites of Virginia erupt in violence which is first toward Native Americans, then a Civil War of poor against the planter elites. Stability is a fragile thing is this society. Justifying his rebellion against Virginia Governor Berkeley in 1676”. In conclusion, The distinct British subcultures that developed in New England and the Chesapeake regions were the results of original purpose, and the particular people those purposes attracted to the colonies. These original settlers met differing economic and environmental conditions and adapted to these conditions. It is hard to believe these unique cultures developed in such close proximity. Even harder to believe, the grandsons of these original settlers would unite to make a new nation a century later.