Waste is 22-28% is treated, while about

Waste
management is one of the major issue in developed and developing
countries.  India facing major
environmental challenges associated with waste generation, waste collection,
waste transportation and waste recycling. Highest amount of waste is generated
in United States, Switzerland e.t.c.,

The
waste management in India has surfaced or continued to be a severe problem not only because of
environmental and aesthetic concerns but also because of the enormous
quantities generated every day. World waste production is expected
to be approximately 27 billion tons per year by 2050, one-third of which will
come from Asia,
Currently India’s population is 1.34 billion and urban population is
32.5%(census 2018) and the amount of  waste
 generated in India is 62 million tons  every day. However waste generation is not an
issue but the fact is that more than 45 million tonnes annually, out of which only 11.9
million, that is 22-28% is treated, while about 31 million tonnes of waste is
left untreated and dumped at the landfill sites by municipal
authorities everyday in an unhygienic manner and it leads to health issues and
environmental degradation.

As
one of the application of Smart City, Waste Management in a city is a
intimidating challenge faced by the public administrations. Waste is nothing
but any material in which something valuable is not being used or is not usable
and represents no economic value to its owner. The generation and disposal of
waste in large quantities has created a greater concern over time for the world
which is adversely affecting the human lives and environmental conditions 1. If
the growth of the country increases then the waste also increases so that the segregation
of waste is important for proper disposal of vast amount of garbage modern
society produces in an environmentally sensible mode.

The
main aim of this project is the awareness of a compact, low cost and comprehensible
segregation system for urban households to make more efficient about the waste management
process, so that the waste is segregated in basic streams and then waste could
be reused or recycled. The benefits of doing segregation is to give higher
quality of the material is retained for recycling which means that more value
could be recovered from the waste. We propose a smart waste collection system
on the basis of level of wastes present in the waste bins. The data obtained
through sensors is transmitted over the Internet to a server for storage and
processing mechanisms. It is used for monitoring the daily selection of waste
bins, based on which the routes to pick several of the waste bins from different
locations are decided. Every day, the workers receive the updated optimized
routes in their navigational devices. Each level of bin is measured using
sensor, if the level of the waste reaches the threshold level then the message
and location of bin is sent to the worker.