What Are Genome Projects and Dna Fingerprinting? What Are Some Pros and Cons of Each Issue? Essay

The Human Genome Project was an international effort to map the complete human genome, for the purpose of scientific and medical advancement. The number of human genes became clear with the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003.

While its goal was to sequence the human genome, another important task of the project was to determine the number of genes, their locations, and give an idea as to their function.DNA fingerprinting is a way of identifying a specific individual, rather than simply identifying a species or some particular trait. It is also known as genetic fingerprinting or DNA profiling. DNA fingerprinting is currently used both for identifying paternity or maternity and for identifying criminals or victims.Although the Human Genome Project is officially over because its goals have been accomplished, researchers are constantly refining to the knowledge gained in this scientific effort, and they also utilize the published human genome in a variety of work. The project has also raised a number of interesting ethical questions, as well as explorations of legal and social issues, as the sequencing of the human genome opens the door to a number of situations, ranging from the potential for genetic profiling to the misuse of scientific data to support particular political or social positionsDNA fingerprinting is by no means perfect, however.

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It cannot establish beyond the shadow of a doubt that a specific cell comes from a specific person; it can only establish a probability. The probability also becomes obscured when dealing with direct descendents, who may share a large portion of the examined areas of DNA with a parent.I support each issue off knowledge aquired but I do question a couple of things like there is 20 thousand plus genes and In science the majority are called junk genes or dna but I feel they don’t have a complete understanding to me its like assembling a table and don’t use all the screws and because the table is stable and looks right the other screws and parts are considered junk. I feel that we still have a lot to do when it comes to dna and genes in general.