What problems. Being mentally or emotionally healthy

What
is “Mental Health”?

As per the definition
prescribed by WHO, “Mental health is the state of well-being in which every
individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses
of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution
to his or her community”. An individual’s mental state can also
be judged on the basis of the way they feel about themselves, the quality of
their relationships, and the ability to manage their feelings and deal with
difficulties. Good mental health isn’t just the absence of mental health
problems. Being mentally or emotionally healthy is much more than being free of
depression, anxiety, or other psychological issues. Rather than the absence of
mental illness, mental health refers to the presence of positive
characteristics.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 

Mental health is one of the blind
eyed areas in the health care sector of Nepal. There is one national
psychiatric hospital in Kathmandu run by Nepal Government, and smaller
psychiatry units in other hospitals. A few civil society organizations also run
programs and clinics providing mental health care, with a focus on awareness
raising and psychosocial counselling and support towards access to medical
care. Even with all these efforts, the majority of the population are still
deprived of basic mental health services which impedes their quality of life.

 

The most challenging thing for many
people with mental illnesses is that they are not accepted by family members
and society, and people living with psychosocial disabilities often experience
a sense of prejudice from the society.

 

Present Context

As per the article published on Himalayan
times on December 2017, the number of patients at the Mental Institution,
Lagankhel has been doubled compared to the past 10 years. Lack of awareness and
unavailability of enough health facilities has been proclaimed as the leading
cause. Along with that substance abuse, unemployment, failure and financial
problems also have a major impact towards mental stability. As a result more
people are inclined towards suicide as a solution to their problems. The
suicide rate of the nation has also thus increased in the past 3 years with maximum
of the cases reported as the result of depression.

According to the statistics provided by
Nepal Police, there was a total of 5124 cases of suicide in the year 2016/17 where
was in the year 2014/15 it was 4332.

 

Although policies regarding mental health
have been initiated in the year 1997 but even after almost 21 years it has yet
to be implemented. In common with
other Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) the budget allocated for
mental health is minimal and mental health services are only concentrated in
the major cities. The key challenges for maintaining a Mental Health Care Plan
according to a research report by United States National Library of Medicine were overburdened health workers, lack of psychotropic
medicines in the Public Health Post, lack of mental health supervision in the
existing system, and lack of a coordinating body in the Ministry of Health and
Population (MoHP).

In order to
overcome these challenges, proper policy implementation and involvement by the MoHP
by providing psychotropic medicines (drug that affects a person’s mental state)
and appointing a senior level officers in all the possible district health
posts to facilitate project activities, and collaboration with National Health
Training Centers (NHTC) and even the private sectors   for conducting
training and awareness programs.