Why the ages of 14 and 17,

Why are blameless individuals all over the world wrongfully indicted for crimes they didn’t commit. The power of our criminal mortality system relies solely upon its precision and its capacity to convict the guilty and clear the guiltiness.Yet we realize that wrongful indictments can still happen. Distugusing and understanding the reasons for wrongful convictions are crucial to sustaining the honor of our justice system.Eyewitness misidentification is the single most prominent reason for wrongful convictions across the nation. Imprecise misidentification proof can wreck police examinations by putting center on blameless individuals while the genuine culprit is still on the loose. For that reason, eyewitness misidentification becomes a debatable topic because, although some witnesses may be confident about their description of a suspect, there are still considered to be inherent witness based on problems in face-recall techniques, which may limit the ultimate effectiveness of most systems in current use. Eyewitness misdentifacion plays an important role in criminal cases, when trying to identify a criminal. But it is well known that eyewitness can make mistakes therefore leading to wrong convictions. Some wrongful convictions in court are caused by unintentional mistakes. But in far too many cases the very individuals who are in charge of guaranteeing truth and equity;such as police officers and lawyers lose sight of these responsibilities and instead focus only on securing convictions.Age is an important factor when accusers are called to the stand to identify the suspect at hand. The ability to recognize unfamiliar faces increases progressly from youth through youth peaking between the ages of 14 and 17, and then slowly, declining, after the age of 50. Older adults perform more poorly in differnationing suspects who they believe committed a crime. This can have vital implications in the use of lineups and the treatment of aged eyewitness. In a study conducted by Chance and Goldstein they found out that the percent of accuracy when identifying faces elevates more when you are younger rather then when you are older. For example,” Kidnegators face accuracy feel between, 35 to 40%, 6 to 8 year olds fall between,50 and 58%, 9 to 11 year olds fall between, 60 to 70% and 12 to 14 year olds fall between 70 to 80%.” And as for elderly men and women these were there statics. For “18 to 19 years olds there accuracy fell between 51%, for 20 to 29 years old there percentages ranged from 40 to 47%, for 30 to 39 year old there percentage was 46%, for 40 to 49 year olds there percatange was 42%, for 50 to 59 year olds there percentage was 29%, and for 60 to 70 year olds there pertaange was 25%.”  In this study you can see that the younger you are the more likely you are to identify a person face rather than if you are an elderly person.This comes to show that the older you become the less likely you are to identify someone. Biased lineups also affect the way that people identify or pick out the wrong suspect/person of interest. During lineups witnesses generally tend to evaluate lineup contributors with one another rather than their memory of the assailant. This leads the witness to pick out a person who resembles their assailant more than the others, but not the person who resembles the assailant of their memory. There are numerous roles that lead up to the contributions made in biased lineups such as length, size and the person who adminstates it. “A lineup is biased when a witness with poor memory is able to guess the identity of the suspect at a rate greater than chance exception.” Bias can also affect a witness response through both subtle or open reactions. Several factors may also introduce a bias lineup system such as photographs that consist of concurrently or subsequently events. For example, the accuser may feel compelled to identify the person in the image as the perapdator if he/she feels like it is the most effective way to catch the person.There are still many individuals who believe that the mind/ memory of a person works like a video camera. They presume that when something terrible takes place that the memory is shoved down into their subconscious. Human memory is flawed therefore it is not always precise, it could be swayed as well as modified. Eyewitness memory is like any other prove at an unlawful scene; it must be protected carefully and recovered systematically, or it can be damaged. “Eyewitness misidentification is the greatest contributing factor to wrongful convictions proven by Dna testing it plays a huge role in more than 70% of convictions overturned through Dna.” Research demonstrates that mankind’s personality is not like a  tape recorder; we do not record occasions precisely nor do we view them, or recall them like a tape that’s been rewined.The reason why our memories are so impressionable is simply because of the fact that there is too much information to take in. Our perpetual mindsets aren’t assblmed to notice each and everything that we encounter; rather we take in knowledge through our senses, but there are still gasps. So basically when we recall an event, we fill in those gaps based on our recollection of the world,meaning that our minds sometimes lead us to believe things that never really happened. For example, an experiment  that was conducted in 2002 stated that half of the participants at a local pizza place were “tricked into believing they had taken a hot air balloon ride as a child, simply by showing them doctored photographic “evidence”. These people were all lead to believe that they had been taken on a hot air balloon as a child when in reality they hadn’t.The power of the human mind is powerful.Race plays an important role in eyewitness misidentification. Research after research has proven that everyone has difficulty recognizing people from other racial or ethnic groups, this is known as the phenomenon referred to as the cross race effect. The cross race effect makes it harder for individuals from other races to recognize individuals from other races. For example, a white woman by the name of Jennifer Thompson learned that the African American man that she had accused of raping had been found innocent through dna testing. She stated, “I studied every single detail on his face, I was going to make sure that he was going to be put in prison, later after looking at suspect photos and viewing a line up I was confident I had picked the right guys and he was going to jail, and if there was a death penalty I would be there to pull the plug.” Cross race effect makes it truly harder for different races to differentiate faces of other races, therefore making, for example all black people or white even chinese people look alike.In conclusion, eyewitness misidentification leads to many innocent people being accused of crimes that they didn’t even commit.