William Dean Howells and Realism Essay

Introduction to Realism 1. What are the basic tenants of Realism in literature? In art? The main, basic tenants of Realism in literature include, importance is given to character rather than whole plot, responds negatively/attacks romanticism, emphasis on morality, and character goes through a type of realization which often is a self-realization. Realism in art has a different basic principle. Its basic tenet can be described as an artistic approach to imitate and capture nature using a paintbrush.

It focuses more on the accurate and truthful depiction of the subject which is through nature and life; this is a rejection to romanticism’s artificiality. 2. Who are some of the best known authors of American Realism? Some of America’s best known Realist authors include Mark Twain, Henry James, and William Dean Howells. 3. What countries were affected by literary Realism? Literary Realism began with 19th century French literature, then spread to England, United States, and Russia. 4. Realism spanned which years? Realism had developed and occurred between the years of 1865-1910. . What are some of the best known texts of American Realism? A few examples of some well-known American Realism literary works include Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Kate Chopin’s The Awakening, and Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle. 6. Compare and contrast Realism in art and Realism in literature. Realism in art and literature were similar in that they both were in response to Romanticism. They both attacked romantic art and literature which were based on a ‘fairy tale’ type subjects; realism art and literature focused more on ordinary, real life situations.

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Yet Realism in art and literature differed in that in art, the artist would draw what they had seen without any bias, but realism in literature would primarly write about ordinary subjects of middle or lower class society. 7. Characterize Stephen Crane and explain his beliefs regarding literature, religion, philosophy, and love. Stephen Crane was a late 19th century American writer, who is well known for some of his realistic novels such as The Red Badge of Courage and Maggie: A Girl of the Streets.

Crane often wrote about war and a year before his death he wrote a poem “War is kinds” which shows a bit of how Crane felt about life, war, and love. Through that poem, readers can infer that Crane believed that war was a dark and evil thing, that it changed people’s heart for the worse, and that he didn’t believe that one could love again after experiencing or viewing war. Work Cited Page Penrose, Patricia. “American Realism. ” Westga. edu. University of West Georgia, n. d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. . Rahn, Josh. Realism. ” Literature Periods & Movements. Jalic Inc. , 2011. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. . “Realism (arts). ” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Oct. 2012. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. . “Realism: Introduction. ” Enotes. com. Gale Cengage, 2012. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. . “Stephen Crane. ” The Poetry Foundation. Poetry Foundation, 2011. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. . “The Realism Art Movement. ” The Realism Art Movement. Artsmypassion, 2012. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. . “War Is Kind. ” Learnoutloud. com. LearnOutLoud Inc. , 2006. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. .