The take over of Joseph Stalin in 1928 from Vladimiar Lenin started a revolution it led many of the soviet peoples lives to be changed in many circumstances that were not as they would have hoped. Life in the Soviet Union was harsh and firm on almost all of the population of the large country known as the Soviet Union. Stalin was pushing his five-year plan with a hard iron fist. Even with ruling of the iron fist people of Soviet Union bought more and more into the plan of Stalin.
Stalin to the soviets was a god he could do know wrong and although the purges cause many in the Soviet Union heartache and frustration with there government they continued to feed the country. Stalin made a country think eat breathe Stalinism. The Soviet Union was made up of all different types of entities. The Main party was the Supreme Soviet. Since there was only one political party there was not too much of democracy for the country to run off of. The communist definition of “democracy” was the diction of the population.
Once the communist system was put into place this ment that there was no place or reason for the individual rights. The head of state was the communist party leader Stalin and he ruled all. As the head of the party Stalin had control of the economy and the industry of all of the Soviet Union and most of the people choices. The government would take total control over peoples lives and liberties. This meant telling people where to live, work and to educate there children.
People in the Soviet Union were endorsed and encourage to spy on each other these people were known as the secret police it allowed for the government to clamp down on attempts of treason. Communism inserts the ideal that everyone should work as hard as they can for the mother country for the great good and they would be awarded with what they need. Stalin’s rise to power was a combination of his ability to manipulate situation and the failure of others to prevent him from taking power. Stalin also had the ability to manipulate the people of the Soviet Union into thinking that communism is the way to greatness for the country as a whole.
Stalin being a master of propaganda helped to lour the soviet people into thinking a personal dictatorship with loyalty to a single leader was the way for the soviet union to be great. A big part of the Stalinism that allowed the people of the Soviet Union to buy in was the ideal that everyone was equal this including women. Women would no longer be treated as a type of property to a man. This would mean that education and employment would not only be offered to men any longer but it would be now offered to women. A perfect example of this is Sofia Petrovna and how she became employed as typist.
Sofia loving her job made her buy even more into Stalinism. Although women would get an upper hand in Stalinism they would also feel the pain that many of soviet felt with famine and unavailable housing. The Civil society also known as the “third sector” of society is the social aspect to a community and country. The Soviet Union under Stalin was almost stripped of their civil society. The whole basis of a civil society is common interest among a society and the only thing in common in soviet union under Stalin is how much the people where giving to the country and how much they loved Stalin.
It was just one tool among many in Stalin’s “tool belt”. Stalinism by many is described as a cult based on centralization and totalitarianism and the pursuit of communism. Stalin’s goal was to industrialize the Soviet Union at a rapid pace. Stalin revolutionized the culture in Russia. He changed the education system and dissolved religion. He encourages experimentation in the arts. Stalin built and idea of the ideal soviet man. This is like Sofia Petrovas son Koyla he was the ideal soviet man strong and smart.
Stalin made this type of man the example to be set for everyone in the soviet society. The changes that Stalin put into place totally remodeled the culture and beliefs of the soviet people. The Soviet Union kept people loyal in my opinion by brain washing them by changing their thoughts and mindsets. They transformed people into followers. The made cookie cut out for a society. The scared people into ideas people scared of purges and being sent away forever from there loved ones. Soviets grew scared of their neighbor in fear that they would turn them into the government.
It seemed that the only person the Soviet people did trust was Stalin but in reality he was the cause of the entire struggle of the Soviet people. Stalin Built a country of total control he made his people terrified. He let his people loose everything that mattered to them all while letting them believe that it was in there best interest. Although Stalin did industrialize the Soviet Union at a pace that has never been seen before he wrecked his population while in the process of it. Sofia Petrovna allows the reader to experience this type of brainwash that Stalinism instilled into its people.
Sofia believed that her government could do no wrong that they would not do wrong to it’s people. But as the book continues she finds that the government has stripped her of everything in her life that had value. Stalin took her home, her job, her friends and her son. Sofia had turned into this cold figure in the last chapter as she was forced to leave the thoughts of one day seeing her son again. The Soviet Union and Stalin could only keep its people loyal for so long. Eventually many like Sofia would see the truth through there heartbreak.