World War II and Its Technological Developments Essay

Technology has been in development since the beginning of time. Whether it was starting a fire, or new ways to grow crops, or even new techniques of hunting, these new advancements or technologies brought change upon a certain society. Sometimes technology is advantageous to a certain group, and not for the other. Whether this advancement or technology is helpful or deadly depends on the ways that certain technologies were used throughout that certain time period. During World War I and World War II, many technologies were introduced to the world, and brought upon drastic change to everyone involved in the wars.

Death tolls dramatically grew as the newer technologies were developed and used during these wars. Technology has certainly affected the growth of the world wars, and the tense connections between the countries that were involved in these two catastrophic wars. World War I began on July 28, 1914, and with its start began the development of technology the world was not familiar with. The first and major contribution of catastrophe to the First World War was the development of the MF-7 and MF-II, which were invented and developed by Henri and Maurice Farman.

These two aircrafts were commonly used by all the allied forces at the start of the First World War. Belgians Italians, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Service, and the French Army Service all used these aircrafts, which had a superior impact on the development of the war. The Royal Naval Air Service used the MF-II during the first night bombing on German artillery that was installed on the 21st of December 1914. It was able to carry a load of 288 lb of bombs. This innovation of the first bomber lead to more advanced aircrafts that were seen later on in the world wars such as the Hanley Page Bomber, and the Voison Bomber.

Another major technology that was developed during the World War I was the Armored tank that was made out of Steel. It took around two years for Colonel Earnest Swinton who invented the armored and a group of engineers to develop the tank idea. However, when the tank was developed, German trench defenses were finally breached. This played a critical role on the development of the war. Another major development that affected the growth of WWI is the invention of the first all metal aircrafts called “Junkers” by the German Hugo Junkers who was a mechanical engineer at Aachen.

The introduction of these aircrafts brought upon major changes in the development of the war, and posed threat to the other countries. Developments in the artillery and ammunition that the aircrafts held were also widespread in the years that followed. Roland Garros, who was a French fighter pilot, developed a machine gun that was able to shoot through the propeller so that it would be easier to fire, and more accurate to shoot down targets. His invention proved to be very effective and became widespread.

However, he was shot down by Germans and captured behind enemy lines. They copied his aircraft’s design and gained the same technology that the French now had. Airplanes and Tanks were not the only developments that promoted war between these countries, but also toxic gases, guns, and anti-aircraft systems made the war even more deadly than it had ever been. Chlorine gas, which was first used by the Germans on the French, was a very deadly substance. This certain gas was heavier than air, and sunk down to the ground when it was released.

When soldiers breathed it in, it stopped their respiratory organs, and gave them the sensation of burning in their throats and lungs. This gas lead them to a slow death since it cut off their breath. Later on, gases made of phosgene, and a mixture of both were developed and used by some armies. During WWI almost all soldiers carried the Bolt Action rifle, which was a rifle that fired single shots a time. The carrier must then take out the shell of an empty cartridge and replace it with a fresh round after every shot.

Lee Einfield, a British man, introduced the “Lee Einfield small-bore bolt-action” rifle that was able to kill someone who was up to 1,400 meters away. The Vickers machine gun was also developed during WWI, and proved to be extremely deadly and effective on a line of invading soldiers. It also proved to be a very reliable weapon. Flame-throwers which proved to be ineffective after a certain time period were used to clear soldiers out of their hiding spots in the trenches. However the fact that it was only able to last for 40 seconds proved it to be a weapon that was very inefficient and ineffective.

World War II proved to be a far more devastating and catastrophic war due to the introduction of far more advanced weaponry and technology. Towards the start of World War II the weapons of World War I became outdated, and newer weapons were to be developed for a further shooting range. During World War I, the average soldier held a Bolt Action rifle, but due to the slow reloading, semi automatic assault rifles, and small machine guns became common among soldiers on the battlefield. This small advancement in the speed of reloading and rapid fire caused a lot more casualties and lead to a far more bloody war.

Explosives such as grenades and bombs were made even more deadly, and gas bombs became more accurate when dropped. Anti-tank weapons had to be developed to overcome the German tank invasions, so soldiers began carrying bazookas and rifles with armor piercing bullets. Also, the German flamethrower was drastically changed and formed into an accurate and efficient weapon. These changes in weaponry definitely lead to a deadly war, and caused the growth of the war even more than it would have been.

The most advanced weapon, and perhaps the most deadly that changed the whole course of warfare and World War II was the introduction of the atomic bomb. The radar was also another invention that changed the whole course of World War II. The radar made it easier to spot enemies and track them miles before they arrived. This helped in becoming more precise on targeting enemy aircrafts and other vehicles. It allowed the Germans to track incoming German aircrafts, which gave them the great advantage of shooting them down before they arrived.