The National Academies press

America needs to find a solution for this ongoing problem that is only going to get worse. In short, this research paper will provide possible solutions as to how juveniles should not be prosecuted as adults. Michael Brewer was 15 years old when his body was purposely burned by five other juveniles outside his friend’s house .

Since this incident, this young teenager has been hospitalized with more than 70 percent of his body burned. Doctors of Jackson Memorial Hospital have reported that if Brewer survives the recuperation, it will take at least a year in order for him to be fully recovered.As a result, for this very cruel crime, two of the five young teens who took action towards Brewer, have been arrested and have been charged with attempted second-degree murder and are being tried as adults. However, Michael Brewer is attached to a hospital bed trying his best to recuperate without knowing if he will survive. According to an article provided by The National Academies press, “During the past decade, juvenile crime legislation and policy have become more punitive and have blurred the lines beјen juvenile and adult justice systems. In addition according to this same article, juveniles are being incarcerated and treated as adults without given a chance to be placed in juvenile jails and being provided with programs to deal with these young criminals. Is understood that juveniles need to be punished for their committed crimes, but boundaries should be set as to how young the person is and the gravity of the crime. First, children and adolescents who commit criminal acts must be educated and supported in a growth process that should be the objective of government policy for all young people, including young offenders.

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Second, opponents to this situation need to understand the cognitive and social features that are involved with the youth in our country. Lastly, supporters need to fight for new and more efficient laws towards young criminals and getting the support from state representation. In essence, the support of juvenile offenders not being charged as adults has still not been successful, and America needs to start fighting for these rights.

Although many people agree with the idea of juvenile offenders not be charged as adults, others do not share the same agreement.For instance, Government policies on Juvenile delinquency seem like they are not interested in making a better future to help our young offenders, who many of them have not been well educated due to an unhealthy childhood. Many states of the United States are in favor to charge juveniles as adults if they commit crimes such as murder. “Old enough to do the crime, old enough to do the time,” is the opinion of many opponents, and they claim no matter the age of the juvenile they should be punished for their committed crime. Others just say that juvenile lack of human morals and they cannot be treated with rehabilitation.Morals are learned by your upbringing and minors should now how to differentiate from right or wrong. Proponents in favor of juveniles being charged and incarcerated in juvenile jails must create solutions for this never ending protest. In order to do this, ideas for how to improve juvenile crime rates and massive attention from public education centers is needed.

According to Manama advocate Dennis “Kelly” Christensen, “Children are impulsive and do not think about the far- reaching consequences of their actions, only the immediate result, such as make it stop. This proves that children do not think of consequences or they o not understand how far their actions may go. Also, University of Idaho Professor Eric Jensen says “State law should establish clear criteria – such as age, severity Of the crime and criminal history – to determine when a minor can be legally treated as an adult (Should juveniles who commit serious crimes be charged as adults in Idaho? ) In addition to this potential solution, these decisions should be made by judges in court not attorneys.Enough proof must be required in order to prosecute children as adults. Juveniles who commit murder should be placed in a high risk section of the juvenile penitentiaries. Placing young teens in adult jails should not be the solution for them to stop committing crimes; instead leaders of our government both local and state must be strict with blended sentencing and have no exceptions towards young murderers. The case of Michael Brewer is a great example to illustrate that young teens and children are not being well educated about violence.

Brewers recuperation is improve, he opens his eyes every time he hears his mom’s voice and says “It’s a sign of, ‘I’m a survivor’ saying, *Mom, I’m goanna make it through this and I’m goanna be back and I’m goanna be the Michael that I am. This accident could have been avoided if young teens would not be so violent and revengeful. Michael Brewer was saved because he ran to a nearby pool to extinguish himself; however, the fire burned more than 65% of his body. Brewers family is devastated and still cannot believe how far the 5 juvenile’s hatred Went. In result Of Matthew A.

Bent having problems with Brewer, it proceeded with peer pressure and it involved 4 more children in this horrible incident. As noted, teen violence gets worse by the day and it is time for our country to organize programs and activities for our children. Both middle and high schools should implement a required course about violence, crimes, and educational activities to be followed by public and private schools teachers and counselors.

Additionally, by adding this course for at least half a school semester it will have a great impact in our youth’s minds and critical thinking.Assigning homework that relates to teen violence and just violence in general should leave students with a negative thought of violence. Websites and interactive programs should be created to help our young children Of tomorrow to have a better future and present life. These programs can teach hillier and adolescents about morals, respect, courtesy, compassion and values. Also, community hours can be required for those students who have a maximum of suspensions and detentions applied by their particular schools; this may help to decrease these wrongful behaviors.

In order for this new potential resolution to work, teachers must also be taught and go through training or workshops as to how teach these courses and be well prepared for this imperative program. On the other hand, it must be not forgotten that parents should have well formed communication skills with their children and revive a healthy relationship between each other. By doing this, children feel more trust towards their parents and this can avoid violence and problems in the house hold. Formal operation is a Stage in psychologist Jean Pigged cognitive developmental theory.

In this stage, adolescents learn to think logically in abstract situations, learn to test hypotheses systematically, and become interested in the world of ideas. Not all people attain full formal operational thinking (Wood and Boyd 294). This stage begins approximately at the age of twelve through adulthood. Children at this stage are able to quickly plan and organize a possible result or outcome. However, their minds are note fully developed to comprehend certain problems or encounters that adults may be able to handle.Furthermore, from the age of 12 children begin to fully understand what are socially acceptable behaviors, attitudes and values.

Although parents play the major role in colonization, peers, schools, religion and the media are also very important influences (301 In addition, physical, emotional and cognitive development is still being learned throughout adolescence. Even though many adolescents might think they know it all and that they are very mature, there are still millions of things they yet have not experienced.Young people are known for overestimating their knowledge of situations and are liable for making decisions based on wrong or incomplete information.

Peer pressure is a major influence in children’s minds and emotions. It is proven that children often change several habits and moods according to their friends Or people they spend time with. Also, peer pressure can have an effect towards children’s individuality, like choices of music, ivies and fashion. This can lead to unhealthy habits and deadly addictions such as underage drinking, smoking and drug abuse. Unprotected sex and other harmful sexual acts may be a result from peer pressure.School activities and courses can help alleviate peer pressure by teaching children how to refuse peer pressure and how they do not need to do what others do in order to fit in the crowd.

Many young teens feel the pressure of having to dress a certain way or doing a number of things in order to be socially accepted by their peers. Some teens that follow peer pressure might be cause they are curious to try something new that the others are doing. Children should have enough courage to say “no” to peer pressure. By paying attention to their own feelings and beliefs about what is right or wrong can help children follow the right thing to do.Parents should also talk to their kids about this situation and help them understand that they are unique and they do not need to change in order to fit in. In today’s society, the line of separating between minors and adults is beginning to disappear. As the young violence increases, the government is ginning to feel less tolerant towards these young offenders.

States continue to toughen their juvenile crime laws in recent years, making sentencing more punitive, expanding allowable transfers to criminal (adult) court Punitive Crime, Juvenile Justice).Government policies on juvenile delinquency keeps being changed and modified and they are not concerned with the type of crime or how young the child might be. Balance between rehabilitation and punishment when dealing with children and adolescents who commit crimes must be mandatory and the government should be concerned with this endless problem. On the other hand, it is understood that these young offenders need to be condemned for their crime. Young adolescents and criminals should have the right to be educated and supported in a growth process, which should be the government’s main purpose, not to convict young teens as adults.Most young offenders who are placed in juvenile penitentiaries are proven to commit fewer crimes as if instead they would be placed in adult criminal jails. The main purpose why juvenile jails were created is to separate young offenders from high risk adult criminals.

If the goal is for juvenile offenders to be punished for their omitted crimes, high risk juvenile sections within juvenile jails should be implemented. This potential solution might help alleviate adolescents from being involved in crimes.Communities and families should work in partnership with others to prevent youth crime by addressing its underlying causes, responding to the needs of young persons and providing guidance and support. Moreover, in order for states to reform the finalization for young teens and not be charged as adults, supporters need to fight for this cause by pressuring state representatives and getting media supporters as well. The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YWCA) aims to emphasize the rehabilitation and re-entry of a young offender into society (Youth Criminal Justice Act: Changing the law on young criminals).This new act is to prevent crime by providing rehabilitation for young persons who commit offences and to help them reintegrate back into society. The YWCA is an act that must be followed by all judges in court when dealing with juveniles.

Judges have the freedom to choose whether a juvenile will be sent to an adult penitentiary according to the crime committed. Sad to hear but true, children as young as reroute years old may be sentenced to go be transferred to adult criminal jails. Also, this act imposes for young offenders to be monitored for a mandatory period after their release from jail.In closing, many know that this issue has yet not been resolved in the United States.

Despite the controversy with the young offenders being sent to juvenile or adult penitentiaries, many still argue that adolescents who commit crimes should be charged and sent to criminal jails as adults. This issue contain uses to have ongoing support from those who believe that children do to need to be considered as adults and there are still other ways they can pay for their fault. Children should be educated about crime and violence.The United States government must understand the cognitive and social features that alter this subject and new and more efficient laws like the Youth Criminal Justice Act should be followed by judges in court rooms. Advocates need to start supporting non-profit organizations and school programs that help young offenders. Cognitive development and social pressure children experience needs to become a topic of conversation for all those concerned with these rights.